Made up of billions of neurons (or nerve cells) that communicate in trillions of connections called synapses, your brain is one of the most complex and fascinating organs in your body. Keeping your brain healthy and active is vital. Discover just how powerful it is with these interesting facts. Your brain has a big job. Be sure to take care of it.
The corpus callosum is the structure deep in the brain that connects the right and left hemispheres of the cerebrum, coordinating the functions of the two halves.
The cerebral cortex is made up of tightly packed neurons and is the wrinkly, outermost layer that surrounds the brain. It is responsible for higher thought processes, including speech and decision making
The thalamus is either of two masses of gray matter lying between the cerebral hemispheres on either side of the third ventricle, relaying sensory information and acting as a center for pain perception.
The hypothalamus is an area of the brain that produces hormones that control body temperature, hunger, mood, the release of hormones from many glands, especially the pituitary gland, sex drive, sleep, thirst, and heart rate.
The hippocampus is a seahorse-shaped structure located within the brain and considered an important part of the limbic system. One of the most studied areas of the brain, it is involved in learning, memory, and emotion.
The cerebellum is a major structure of the hindbrain located near the brainstem. This part of the brain is responsible for coordinating voluntary movements. It is also responsible for a number of functions including motor skills such as balance, coordination, and posture.
The brain stem is the posterior part of the brain. It has the critical role of helping to control heart rate and breathing rate as well as regulating the central nervous system and the body's sleep cycle.