The Responsibility to Protect (RtoP) is a global political commitment unanimously endorsed at the United Nations World Summit in 2005. Based on norms and principles of international law, RtoP asserts that sovereignty entails obligations as well as rights. All populations are entitled to protection against genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity.
"The responsibility to protect embodies a political commitment to end the worst forms of violence and persecution. It seeks to narrow the gap between Member States’ pre-existing obligations under international humanitarian and human rights law and the reality faced by populations at risk of genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity."
"There is no shortage of laws and policies on migration. Some measures recognize the positive contribution of migrants and migration to economic welfare, to national prosperity and to development. However, other measures react to migration and to migrants as threatening phenomena. These measures can have negative consequences, including violations of the human rights of migrants and their families."
"The handbook offers responses to fundamental questions on migration, such as those concerned with its root causes and possible responses in terms of good policies and practices, as well as the challenges, both for migrants and for countries, in relation to national well-being, development and social cohesion. "
"During the past decade, considerable attention has been given to the linkage between the movement of refugees and asylum seekers and the broader phenomenon of international migration. This paper is intended to clarify UNHCR’s role in relation to this linkage and to identify those aspects of international migration which are of particular concern and interest to the Office."
The office of the UNHCR was created in 1950, during the aftermath of the Second World War, to help millions of Europeans who had fled or lost their homes. Presently, the office is most concerned with addressing the: Burundi situation, DR Congo emergency, Iraq emergency, Rohingya emergency, Syria emergency, Central African Republic situation, Europe situation, Nigeria emergency, South Sudan emergency, and Yemen emergency.